GRAPE IN THE NATIONAL MARKET
The viniculture occupies more than 78,000 hectares in Brazilian territory, and the production of grapes is around 1.5 million tons/year.
What do you need to know
CibraMix fertilizers provide nine important nutrients for the vine’s reproductive process, in addition, they favor stable growth.
Currently the vine culture occupies more than 75,000 hectares in the Brazilian territory, the market mainly of vitiviniculture is in great expansion, heating the internal market of wines.
The grape culture, despite presenting a very rustic characteristic in terms of nutritional requirements, it is quite responsive when we consider a balanced supply of nutrients, both in terms of quality and in the production of sugars, providing a higher quality of the final product.
Cibra offers a range of fertilizers from the CibraMix line, which in a balanced way provides nine nutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), boron (B) and zinc (Zn), essential for the development of crops, such as boron (B), a micronutrient of extreme importance in the reproductive process of the vine, which favors the synthesis of nucleic acids inducing the growth, in addition, favors fertilization, interfering with the germination of pollen grains, giving a greater production of berries.
Grape’s Nitrogen Deficiency (N)
Nitrogen (N) constitutes for all plants the pivot of metabolism, basic element of cell multiplication and growth of plant organs. The vine is no exception, as the element is indispensable for its development and necessary from the beginning and throughout the entire period of activity of the plant.
The nutrient is an important constituent of amino acids and proteins. Free amino acids give rise to other amino acids and proteins and, consequently, to enzymes and coenzymes (NaDPH and NADP); they are precursors of plant hormones – tryptophan from AIA and methionine from ethylene; porphyric nuclei – chlorophyll and cytochromes; nitrogen reserve in seeds – asparagine and arginine; vitamins; nitrogenous bases (purine and pyrimidine); nucleotides and by polymerizing them to nucleic acids – DNA and RNA, glyco and lipoproteins; pigments and by-products. It participates in photosynthesis, respiration, biosynthesis, cell multiplication and differentiation, and genetic inheritance.
Deficiency – The first symptoms of deficiency appear on older leaves. The main symptoms of nitrogen deficiency are: decreased plant growth; reduction in the size of the leaves (dwarfism), which have a pale green tone tending to yellow (chlorosis), necrotizing and easily detaching from the branches; shortening of internodes; less development of the root system and low fertilization of the bunches. The main symptoms of nitrogen deficiency are: decreased plant growth; reduction in the size of the leaves (dwarfism), which have a pale green tone tending to yellow (chlorosis), necrotizing and easily detaching from the branches; shortening of internodes; less development of the root system and low fertilization of the bunches. The main symptoms of nitrogen deficiency are: decreased plant growth; reduction in the size of the leaves (dwarfism), which have a pale green tone tending to yellow (chlorosis), necrotizing and easily detaching from the branches; shortening of internodes; less development of the root system and low fertilization of the bunches.
Grape’s Phosphorus Deficiency (P)
It acts as a structural component of cell membranes, as well as being part of compounds responsible for the fixation of atmospheric CO2 and for the metabolism of sugars. Its main function is energy transfer.
It enters the composition of vitamins, lecithin, nucleic acids, adenosine diphosphate and triphosphate, which are energy carriers in the chloroplast. It is necessary for photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism.
Deficiency – The first symptoms appear on the older leaves of the vine. The characteristic symptoms of P deficiency are the development of marginal and interveinal red-violet coloration in the old leaves and the appearance of a red color in the petioles and in the main and secondary veins of the old leaves.
Grape’s Potassium Deficiency (K)
It plays a role in the synthesis of sugars, in the acidity of musts and in the constitution of reserves for the plant.
Controls the water supply of the vineyard. Allows the thickening of the berries. Influences the migration of sugars. Improves the aromas and flavor of juice or wine.
Deficiency – The characteristic symptoms of K deficiency are: yellowing and subsequent necrosis of leaf margins; curling the edges of the leaves both downwards and upwards; rough, corrugated leaves; and intermediate leaves with darkening between the veins.
Grape’s Calcium Deficiency (Ca)
It acts on the structure of the film walls, helping to prevent some pathogens, such as Botrytis.
It plays an important role in cell division and strengthening of cell walls. Promotes greater rooting of plants. It is important in pollen germination and pollen tube development.
Deficiency – The main symptoms of calcium deficiency are characterized as follows: reduced plant growth; presence of new leaves with marginal and interveinal chlorosis, which become completely necrotic; curling of the margins of new leaves downwards; paralysis or death of leaf pointers and low growth of vine roots.
Grape’s Magnesium Deficiency (Mg)
It is part of the chlorophyll molecule and is necessary for the activation of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes.
Deficiency – The first symptoms of deficiency appear in the older leaves, the characteristic symptom being chlorosis or interveinal yellowing of the old leaves, with the veins remaining green.
Magnesium deficiency also promotes a reduction in the sugar content in the must and can cause the rachis to desiccate, due to the imbalance in the K/Mg ratio, with greater potassium absorption.
Grape’s Sulfur Deficiency (S)
It is part of some essential amino acids such as methionine, cystine and cysteine, certain vitamins and coenzyme A, and is also an enzyme activator.
Deficiency – Deficiency symptoms appear initially in the youngest leaves. Sulfur deficiency symptoms are similar to nitrogen deficiency symptoms.
Grape’s Iron Deficiency (Fe)
It participates in several physiological processes such as N fixation, photosynthesis and respiration. It also works as an enzyme activator.
Deficiency – Deficiency symptoms first appear on the youngest leaves. Yellowing of leaves and new shoots occurs, with only the veins remaining green; the leaves look like a fine reticulate.
Grape’s Manganese Deficiency (Mn)
It participates in the activation of enzymes, chlorophyll synthesis and oxidation-reduction reactions.
Deficiency – Deficiency symptoms appear primarily on the youngest leaves. The deficient plant has dead apical parts, a general chlorotic appearance and interveinal yellowing of the leaves, with the area close to the veins remaining green, forming a thick reticulate and delaying flowering and fruit maturation.
Grape’s Zinc Deficiency (Zn)
It is necessary for the activation of enzymes and for the formation of auxin, for the elongation of internodes and in the formation of chloroplasts and starch.
Deficiency – The first symptoms appearing on the youngest leaves, which become small; chlorotic aspect of the apical leaves; leaves with wrinkles along the vein and open or completely closed petiolar sinus.
Grape’s Copper Deficiency (Cu)
It participates in several physiological Activation of several enzymes is required.
Deficiency – The first symptoms of deficiency appear on the youngest leaves.
Grape’s Boron Deficiency (B)
It facilitates the transport of sugars across membranes and is involved in the synthesis of nucleic acids and, consequently, in the synthesis of proteins; on pollen grain germination and pollen tube growth.
It participates in cell division and favors the synthesis of nucleic acid and, therefore, growth. It acts in the fertilization phase, increasing the germination of the pollen grain and the development of the pollen tube. It participates in the metabolism and transport of carbohydrates, favors the synthesis of amino acids and proteins, participates in the mechanism of action of gibberellins and in the synthesis of auxins, influences the absorption and mobility of calcium in the plant.
Deficiency – The first symptoms of B deficiency appear in the youngest organs of the vine, due to its immobility in the plant.
Blend of Elements
NPK has multi-nutrients and contains a blend of raw materials to ensure the needs of each crop. It is used to fertilize a whole crop in a single application.
Super Simple Phosphate
Super Simple Phosphate (SSP) is a compound obtained from the treatment of rocks belonging to the natural phosphate group. A fertilizer rich in phosphorus (P) suitable for the most diverse cultures.
Potassium chloride (KCl) is a fertilizer from the potassium group that has about 60% of potassium oxide (K₂O) in its composition, serving the most diverse agricultural crops.
Ammonium Sulfate (SAM) is a fertilizer with a high concentration of two macronutrients: nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S), used in its pure form.
Urea is a concentrated granulated fertilizer that provides nitrogen (N) in the amide form for the most diverse crops.
Pragas da uva
Pragas das raízes do algodoeiro,
pragas das folhas e hastes
pragas das estruturas frutíferas.
Hemiberlesia lataniae, Duplaspidiotus tesseratus
Pseudococcus spp. e Planococcus spp.
- Ácaro branco
- Ácaro rajado
Anastrepha fraterculus, Ceratitis capitata
Selenothrips rubrocinctus, Frankliniella sp
Doenças da uva
Phakopsora euvitis Y. Ono
- Mofo cinzento
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. herbemontis
- Declínio da videira
- Podridão da uva madura